My first endgame study (intermediate)
motivated by Fernando's problems I composed a little problem of my
own. It's not too difficult, your favorite chess engine will solve
it in a millisecond. So try it alone. The position is so simple that
it could have been done before though I do not know it. I hope you
will find it of practical value.
White to begin and draw:
White: Kf4, pa3
Black: Kd5, pb5
FEN: 8/8/8/1p1k4/5K2/P7/8/8 w - -
It is obvious the white pawn is lost and White won't get the black
pawn in return. So White must go for a King vs. King and pawn endgame
where he can draw.
The black pawn can´t be stopped without the king.
The black king on his way to the white pawn. If now 2. Kd2
then 2...Kb3 will win for Black: 3. Kc1 Kxa3 4. Kb1 (4. Kc2 b4) Kb3
with a basic pawn endgame position or 3. a4 Kxa4 (not 3...bxa4 Kc1
and the white king either reaches the corner or locks in the black
king.) 4. Kc3 Ka3 5. Kc2 b4 6. Kb1 Kb3 again with the basic endgame
The pawn is sacrificed so that Black's pawn is forced to the a-file.
If Black ignores the pawn then either both sides get a queen or the
Black king is forced behind his pawn.
If 2...b4 then 3. a5 Kb5 4. a6 Kxa6 5. Kd3 Kb5 6. Kc2 Kc4 7. Kb2 draw.
3. Kd2 Kb3 4. Kc1 Ka2
If the White king gets into the corner Black has no means to force him
out. 4...a3 Kb1 5. Ka1 a2 stalemate.
The black king is locked in in front of his pawn. If he breaks out
White will get into the corner. Draw.