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Old December 25th 05, 08:13 PM posted to,,alt.chess
Sam Sloan
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Default Biography of Al Horowitz by Sam Sloan

Al Horowitz
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Israel Albert Horowitz (born November 15, 1907, died January 18, 1973)
was an International Master of chess. He was clearly a grandmaster
strength player by present day standards, but he never got the title.
Although a top level player, he is most remembered today for the books
he wrote about chess. An entire generation of chess players learned
from the books by Al Horowitz, most of which are still in print today
and are still highly recommended for students of the game.

Horowitz was the chess columnist for the New York Times, writing a
column three times a week for twenty years. He was the owner and
editor of Chess Review magazine from 1933 until it was bought out and
taken over by the United States Chess Federation in 1969.

Detractors say that Horowitz never wrote a word about the game of
chess. It is known that his chess column in the New York Times was
actually written by a chess expert named Feldman. The famous book by
Horowitz, Chess Openings: Theory and Practice (1964), was written by
two unknown Dutch researchers and Horowitz simply bought the rights,
they say. This claim is interesting because, if true, it would mean
that Al Horowitz wrote more chess books than almost anybody else, and
yet never actually wrote any of them.

Chess Review magazine was founded in 1933 as a partnership between Al
Horowitz and Grandmaster Isaac Kashdan. However, Kashdan dropped out
after just a few issues and Horowitz became sole owner. Prior to that,
Horowitz had been a securities trader on Wall Street. He had been
partners with other chess masters, Maurice Shapiro, Mickey Pauley,
Albert Pinkus and Maurice Wertheim. Horowitz dropped out and devoted
himself to chess, whereas the others stayed on Wall Street. This
proved to be a bad decision for Horowitz, although good for chess,
because Maurice Shapiro, Mickey Pauley, Albert Pinkus and Maurice
Wertheim became four of the richest men in America, as their firms,
M.A. Shapiro & Co, Wertheim & Co. and Troster, Singer & Co. became the
biggest securities trading firms in the US.

Horowitz was a leading player in the US during the 1930s and 1940s. He
was US Open Champion in 1936, 1938 and 1943. In 1941, he lost a match
(+0, =13, -3) with Samuel Reshevsky for the U.S. Chess Championship.
He played on the US Team in four World Chess Olympiads, 1931, 1935,
1937 and 1950. The US team won the Olympiads in 1931, 1935 and 1937
with overwhelming scores. At that time, everybody believed that the
USA was the strongest chess playing country in the world. That was
because nobody knew about what was going on inside the USSR, where the
head of the KGB was a chess master and Stalin had ordered all the
peasants to learn chess.

The truth was not learned until 1945, when the famous USA-USSR Radio
Match took place. The USSR had never played in an international
competition of any kind in any sport. The Americans were confident
that they would win the match easily. The outcome shocked the world.
Out of 20 games, the USSR won 13, the USA won 2 and there were five
draws. Horowitz, playing on board four for the USA, scored one of the
only two wins for the USA, by defeating Grandmaster Salo Flohr.

Horowitz stopped playing tournament chess in the mid-1950s. However,
after more than a decade of inactivity, he came back to play in the
1968 U.S. Chess Championship and achieved a good result considering
how long he had been away from the game.



* The Golden Treasury of Chess ISBN 0883650657

* How to Win At Chess (A complete course with 891 diagrams)

External links

* The Chess Games of Israel Albert Horowitz

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Categories: 1907 births | 1973 deaths | American chess players | Chess
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